Cervical cancer is a disease, as its name implies, that affects the cervix of women. In this case in the cervix or the cervix. Unfortunately it is the second leading cause of death from cancer in women and it is the leading cause of death in Young women under 45 years of age. Cancer is a catastrophic disease that affects millions of women and that can produce a disease that leads to the need for chemotherapy, radiation therapy, very radical surgeries and, finally, death in many women.
The most important thing, that cancer, is that it is totally preventable.
Cervical cancer obviously affects women. However, not all women have the same risk of developing cervical cancer. There are important risk factors that we must take into account in order to consider a woman has a better chance of developing it. Among these risk factors is the beginning of sexual life. Early. The earlier a woman's sex life begins, the more likely she is to have cervical cancer, injury, or dysplasia that will cause cancer.
The number of sexual partners also has a lot to do with it. The more sexual partners a woman has, the more likely she is to get cancer. And finally, another of the most important factors for development is the type of sexual partner you have. Sometimes the number of partners is not so important, but the risk that the sexual partner has. That is, a sexual partner of a woman. Your sexual partner has drug addiction habits, has tattoos, and of course is promiscuous with other women or even with other men.
Of course, this person is going to be much more likely to have viruses that cause cancer and pass it on to the woman. One of the main risk factors for the development of this cancer exists, others also, however, are less important, but the ones that must be taken into account are those that I have mentioned.
The causes of cancer are very easy to determine. There is only one cause. That cause is called human papilloma virus and the human papilloma virus causes dysplasia in the cervix and this dysplasia causes cells to transform and become increasingly bad, so to speak. This poor initiation of cells progresses over time to become more and more invasive within the skin, neck and womb of the woman until it is a cancer.
What we can say is that cervical cancer does not happen overnight. It is not a case that occurs quickly, it is a slow progression cancer and one of the main opportunities we have is to detect it before it is cancer. To make cancer we need to climb a ladder. Here we can see on that ladder, on the last step, a woman with invasive cancer. What does this mean?
She is a woman who has cancer that requires us to remove the womb, remove the ovaries, give radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and there is a high probability that in a period of five years she will die from that cancer. However, to get to this point, she has to go through these different steps and these different steps. He is one of us. We can detect the woman before she is reached.
The symptoms of cervical cancer are very few.
Unfortunately, this type of cancer causes virtually no symptoms, unless it is very advanced. Once the cancer is extremely advanced, it can cause symptoms such as bleeding after intercourse, bleeding between periods, weight loss, and poor appetite.
Cervical cancer detection is very simple and easy. The intention of gynecologists is not to detect cancer, the intention is to prevent cancer and this as it can be with very simple studies such as the pap smear, the Instapaper, which is a bit Nicaraguan, email, a new technology in Mexico and of course, colposcopy. Within these studies, the least reliable of all, and this is very important for the population to know, is the Papanicolaou.
The Pap smear is a useful study, but unfortunately it has a very low sensitivity or confidence in the treatment of cervical cancer.
It depends on the stage or building in which the cancer is, that is, how advanced it is and the treatments are multiple. Most cervical cancer is detected in the early stages and that gives us the possibility to do treatments that are not aggressive and that will cure the patient completely. An example is the following if we have a patient with a lesion in stage 1, stage 2 or even stage 3 of a cancerous lesion, which is not yet cancer, we are only talking about dysplasia.
We can have different types of treatment. These treatments include, for example, surveillance, that is, many patients who have initial lesions will have a chance to heal spontaneously during the following months or years. Some patients may be candidates for a treatment with creams or gels that will improve the immunity within their cervix and be able to heal these lesions. Grade 1 and grade 2, grade 3 injuries We can even have treatment options such as corroded vaporization, frequency or laser within the cells of the cervix, as we can see in this video, where we can see how the area is destroyed of the cervix that is damaged by the papilloma virus and that is causing a carcinogenic lesion.
This we are talking about before it is cancer. Once a cancer diagnosis is established, treatment is different. If we detect cancer in early stages, the treatment is very simple and very straightforward.
Prostate cancer, like any type of cancer, is most of them, we do not know why it occurs. What we do know is that prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men from the age of 50 and therefore, what we must do is to take a bit of the search or the active search for people or men who may suffer prostate cancer, because since most cancers are diagnosed early, we have a very high probability of curing them and that this cancer does not limit or reduce the life expectancy of people who suffer from it.
Who is affected
Prostate cancer affects men, men in general over the fifth decade of life. That is to say, it is exceptional to suffer from prostate cancer when under 50 years of age, although it sometimes occurs, and as I have also mentioned, it is a cancer that becomes the most frequent in men from that age, from the fifth decade of life and also after lung cancer, the one that causes the most deaths in men.
In those ages, from 50 until the end of their days. Therefore, it is a tumor. It is a cancer that worries the medical community, the urological community. Why does it condition or can condition the lives of thousands of people and can it reduce the years of life that these people can have or enjoy?
How is it diagnosed
The diagnosis of prostate cancer has not changed much in recent years, although then it does clarify a bit that there are very important things that have changed, but in general it is very frequent or more frequent to suspect that a man has or may have a prostate cancer, because in a test called PSA Prostate Specific Antigen, its levels are above a certain threshold. Not in all males the lintel has to be the same. It depends on the age, it depends on the volume of the prostate.
It depends on whether it is prostate, whether or not it has had inflammatory or infectious problems before. But what is true is that most of the time it is suspected by that elevation of PSA once we suspect it. The identification of the tumor generally almost always goes through a prostate biopsy, that is, urologists first perform a rectal ultrasound through an ultrasound that perfectly identifies that organ and from there and with that image, we take a series of samples in different prostate areas.
And those are, on the one hand, the suspicion with the detection of PSA and on the other hand, the confirmation through the biopsy, which will lead us to a diagnosis of prostate cancer.
It is true that in medicine, in surgery, prostate cancer, we are experiencing almost continuously a very significant evolution in diagnoses and treatments. Today there is a, we could say, a revolution in that we are capable in many patients, not in all, but many patients, to identify exactly where the prostate cancer is located and we have three that tell us if that tumor can be more or less aggressive. In this sense, until recently most urologists, practically all urologists anywhere, offered radical treatments in prostate cancer, removal of the gland, radiotherapy, chemotherapy.
Today, little by little, but more and more, we are able to select patients where we are going to treat only and exclusively where the tumor is focused. Where the tumor is located and not doing a complete treatment of all the rest of the organ This has a great benefit, above all, which is to reduce the side effects that these treatments have. These patients will have less risk of impotence after treatment, less risk of urinary incontinence? Yes.
This being the case, we achieve the same survival. Is an advance. It is a spectacular paradigm shift.